Liberian History At A Glance 

Liberia: Fast Fact

Liberia is the world’s 105th largest country in size and the 106th ranking in terms of Population. Located in Sub-Sahara, West Africa, the country shares borders southwest to the Atlantic Ocean, northwest to Sierra Leone, north to Guinea, and the east to Ivory Coast (now called Côte d’Ivoire).

Official Name: The Republic of Liberia, meaning the land of the free.

Nationality: noun: Liberian (s). Adjective: Liberian

Areas: 111,369 square miles (43,000 square kilometers) with ‎680 km (420 mi) coastline

Form of Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic. The President serves as a head of state and head of the government. There is, however, a system of Checks and Balances among the Executive, Legislature, and the Judiciary

Capital: Monrovia, named after James Monroe, the fifth President of the United States

Population: 5,073,296 (July 2020 est.), 123rd in the world in term of Population

Languages: English (official), 20 ethnic spoken languages few of which can be in writing

Ethnic groups: Kpelle, Bassa, Grebo, Gio, Mano, Kru, Lorma, Kissi, Gola, Krahn, Vai, Mandingo, Gbandi, Mende, and Sapo 

Religion: Christian 85.6%, Muslim 12.2%, Traditional 0.6%, other 0.2%, none 1.5% (2008 est.)

Money: LRD. The Liberia dollar currently trades against the US dollar at a ratio of 199.30:1

Climate: Tropical, hot, humid, dry winters with warm days and cool to cold nights. The Climate is also wet and has cloudy summers with frequent heavy showers
15 Administrative divisions: Bomi, Bong, Gbarpolu, Grand Bassa, Grand Cape Mount, Grand Gedeh, Grand Kru, Lofa, Margibi, Maryland, Montserrado, Nimba, River Cess, River Gee, Sinoe.

Independence: 26 July, 1847.  

Web Links

National Democratic Institute

National Democratic Institute

The National Democratic Institute is a nonprofit, nonpartisan, nongovernmental organization that has supported democratic institutions and practices in every region of the world for more than three decades. Read More.

Liberia: Past & Present of Africa's Oldest Republic

Liberia: Past & Present of Africa’s
Oldest Republic

In the beginning of the 19th century, groups of free-born blacks, freed slaves and mulattoes from the United States of America emigrated to the west coast of Africa. In 1847, 25 years after the first successful colonization, they proclaimed an independent Republic, which they named Liberia. At that time they numbered about 3,000: men, women and children. Read More.

Africa Elections Project

African Elections Project established 2008 with the vision of enhancing the ability of journalists, citizen journalists and the news media to provide more timely and relevant elections information and knowledge while undertaking monitoring of specific and important aspects of governance. Read More.

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Electoral Votes of Presidential Candidates (1847-2017)

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Survey 2020-001

Versions of Liberian Constitution

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Presidential Documents

President George Weah Inauguration Speech

President George Manneh Weah’s Inaugural Speech in Full
Her Excellency, Madam Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
Excellency Head of States
Ambassador Joseph Nyumah Boakai
Hon. Jewel Howard-Taylor
Vice President of the Republic of Liberia
The Governing Council of the Tripartite Coalition for Democratic Change (CDC)
Madam Clar M. Weah
First Lady of the Republic of Liberia
His Honor, the Chief Justice, and Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Liberia
Speaker and Members of the House of Representative
The Honorable Pro-Tempore and Members of the Liberian Senate
The Dean and Members of the Cabinet
The Special Representative of the UN Secretary General and other Representatives of the United Nations
The Doyen and Members of the Diplomatic Corps
International Partners and Political Stakeholders
Our Religious Community and Traditional Council, Market Women, the Student Body, the fourth Estate
Special Guests
Distinguish Ladies and Gentlemen
My fellow citizens, I am humbled and thankful for the trust and hope you have put in me. I am filled with joy and pride to see so many friends from across the world joins us in celebrating what is truly an historic moment for our country. To all our citizens and international guests, we thank you for coming.
I have spent many years of my life in stadiums, but today is a feeling like no other. I am overwhelmed with the crowd and the energy here today, and I guarantee you, when we finish, there will not be a winning or a losing side. Today, we all wear the jersey of Liberia, and the victory belongs to the people, to peace, and to democracy.
The tens of thousands of Liberians here today and many more in our communities across the country who are listening gathered together around radios in the palava hut, it is to you we are responsible to deliver the change you deserve. Indeed, we must deliver the change that our people need, in order to transform their lives for the better.
I promise to do everything in my power to be the agent of positive change. But I cannot do it alone. First, I call upon the revered institution that host us today and from which the Vice President and I come– The Legislative – our co-equal branch of government, to work with me to create and pass essential laws that are needed to complete the foundation of this nation.
Together, we owe our citizens clarity on fundamental issues such as the land beneath their feet, freedom of speech, and how national resources and responsibilities are going to shift from this capital to the counties. The people expect better cooperation and more action from their government. We can do better, together.
Today, we Liberians have reached an important milestone in the never-ending journey for freedom, justice, and democracy; a search that has remained central to our history as a nation.
Many of those who founded this country left the pain and shame of slavery to establish a society where all would be free and equal. But that vision of freedom, equality, and democracy has not yet been fully realized.
That human longing for true and lasting freedom has revealed itself in many ways since Liberia’s founding. Sometimes the drive has been divisive and confrontational; and too often violent, bloody, and deadly, as it was in the 14 years of civil conflict, when the absence of equality and unity led us down the path of destroying our own country.
Notwithstanding the harshness and immeasurable cost of the lesson, we have learned that equality and freedom are never just a final destination that a people or a nation reaches. These are fundamental human rights that our people deserve and that must be held up and measured against our actions, our policies, our laws, and our purpose as those elected to serve the people.
Almost 15 years ago, Liberians laid down their arms and renewed their hope for a better and more equal society. With the help of regional partners and the United Nations, we chose democracy as our path, and elected the first post-war Government, which was led by Her Excellency, Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf.
Your Excellency, I thank you for laying the foundation upon which we can now stand, in peace and to advance progress for our country.
But this Inaugural Ceremony signals more than a peaceful transition from one democratic administration to another. It is also a transition from one generation of Liberian leadership to a new generation. It is indeed a confirmation that democracy exists in Liberia, and that, it is here to stay!
We have arrived at this transition neither by violence, nor by force of arms. Not a single life was lost in the process. Blood should never be the price tag for democracy. Rather, this transition was achieved by the free and democratic will of the Liberian people, guaranteed by the rule of law.
This Inaugural gathering also celebrates an important precedent: that we Liberians can, and will, rely on established institutions and the rule of law to resolve our political disagreements. This demonstrates the maturity of our institutions and that we as a people have learned valuable lessons from our brutal history.
My fellow Liberians, let not the splendor of these ceremonies, nor the celebration of electoral victory, make us forget how we arrived at this moment. We have arrived here on the blood, sweat, tears, and suffering of so many of our citizens, too many of whom died, longing for real freedom and equality.
Today, we must remember the hundreds of thousands who died, and many more whose lives were up ended and families displaced, because we lost sight of the fact that we can only reach a higher state of equality and freedom by treating each other with love and respect – not tearing each other down. Truly taking this lesson to heart will bring the dawn of a new Liberia.
So that their deaths would not be in vain, I solemnly pledge today, with the help of all of you, my fellow citizens, to build a Liberia of equality, freedom, dignity, and respect for one another.
Let us all stand for a moment of silence to remember those who died on our soil, in our conflict, and by our own hands. Let it never be so again.
On this day of inauguration, as we begin to build upon the foundation of this New Liberia, I, George forky klon jlaleh gbah ku gbeh Tarpeh Manneh Weah, your new President, must first give thanks and praises to the Almighty God for the blessings he has bestowed on our country. And I say “my people, thank you, yaaaaaaaaa” for entrusting me with the responsibility of leading the effort to build this New and better Liberia.
It will be my task, my duty, and my honor, to lead this nation from division to National Unity, and toward a future of hope and prosperity. I have here taken an oath before you, and before the Almighty God, to uphold our constitution and to preside over this Government and this country to the best of my abilities.
And so, My Fellow Citizens, I want to admonish you, that the foundation of the New Liberia must be reinforced by the steel of integrity. We need men and women, boys and girls, whose integrity provides the foundation of the trust that is required for Liberian society to benefit her people.
During my tenure as President of Liberia, the loudest battle cry that must ring from the mountains of Wologisi to the peak of Yekepa; from the ranges of Putu to the hills of Bomi; and from the coast of Harper to the shores of Monrovia, must be the cry of National Unity!
We should all strive to put aside our differences and join hands in the task of nation building. We must learn how to celebrate our diversity without drawing lines of divisions in our new Liberia. We belong to Liberia first before we belong to our inherited tribes, or chosen counties.
We must not allow political loyalties prevent us from collaborating in the national interest. We must respect each other and act as neighbors, regardless of religious, social and economic differences.
In the words of our National Anthem:
[Quote] “In union strong, success is sure. We cannot fail.” [Unquote]
United, we are certain to succeed as a Nation. Divided, we are certain to fail.
It is my belief that the most effective way to directly impact the poor, and to narrow the gap between rich and poor, is to ensure that public resources do not end up in the pockets of Government officials.
I further believe that the overwhelming mandate I received from the Liberian people is a mandate to end corruption in public service. I promise to deliver on this mandate.
As officials of Government, It is time to put the interest of our people above our own selfish interests. It is time to be honest with our people. Though corruption is a habit amongst our people, we must end it. We must pay civil servants a living wage, so that corruption is not an excuse for taking what is not theirs. Those who do not refrain from enriching themselves at the expense of the people – the law will take its course. I say today that you will be prosecuted to the full extent of the law.
To the private sector, I say to you that Liberia is open for business. We want to be known as a business-friendly government.
We will do all that is within our power to provide an environment that will be conducive for the conduct of honest and transparent business. We will remove unnecessary regulatory constraints that tend to impede the establishment and operation of business in a profitable and predictable manner.
As we open our doors to all foreign direct investments, we will not permit Liberian-owned businesses to be marginalized. We cannot remain spectators in our own economy. My government will prioritize the interests of Liberian-owned businesses and offer programs to help them become more competitive and offer services that international investors seek as partners.
This victory could not have been possible without the support of the youth of this country, the women of this country, especially those who make their living by selling in the markets. To all of you, I want to say a heartfelt thank you. This is your government!!!
In the famous words of President Abraham Lincoln of the United States of America “…government of the people; by the people, and for the people.”
We could not have arrived at this day without our voices been heard loudly, and all our views, no matter how critical, being freely expressed in an atmosphere void of intimidation and arrest.
This was only made possible by the tolerance of my predecessor, Her Excellency Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, who protected the right to Freedom of Speech as enshrined in our Constitution.
Now, in my turn, I will go further to encourage and reinforce not only freedom of speech, but also freedom of political assembly.
To change the structure of the Liberian economy will require huge investments in agriculture, infrastructure, in human capital, and in technology. We hope our international development partners will assist us in this transformation. Meanwhile, on behalf of all Liberians, I would like to thank the international community for the invaluable contributions they have made to our peace and economic development.
I thank the ECONOMIC COMMUNITY OF WEST AFRICAN STATES, (ECOWAS), for standing with Liberia throughout these years. Many of our West African brothers and sisters shed their blood for Liberians during our conflict. This is a debt Liberians will never be able to repay.
We count these fallen West African soldiers among the martyrs of our history. Without their supreme sacrifices, this day would not have been possible. ECOWAS will continue to play a very meaningful role during my presidency.
I also thank the UNITED NATIONS for the important role it has played in Liberia. We stood with the United Nations at its founding when it was just an idea driven by ideals. Then, in our darkest days, the UN stood by us.
UN peacekeeping missions have ensured unbroken peace within our borders for more than a decade, and will soon demonstrate their confidence in us, by transitioning its task from peacekeeping programs of UN organizations which will continue in key sectors such as education, health, and agriculture.
Ending a peacekeeping mission successfully is something in which all Liberians and her partners should take great pride. We thank all member countries of the United Nations for your support and I promise to continue to build on the success that we have achieved together.
To the Government and People of the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, we thank you for your strong support over the years.
The Republic of Liberia has a strong historic relationship with the United State of America, which has manifested itself and that relationship will even be stronger under my administration.
To the EUROPEAN UNION, I say thanks to you for your strong partnership with Liberia. European aid has provided critical support for Liberia’s recovery from war, and this continuous support will be important as we forge a new path of transformation.
Without Europe George Manneh Weah would not be standing here delivering this inaugural address as the 24th President of the Republic of Liberia. It was my success in European football that enabled me to give back to my beloved country. Europe will always have a special place in my heart, and, as President, I intend to strengthen my relationship with the European community for the benefit of all Liberians.
To the PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA, I say “XIEXIE”. Our administration will continue to support the “One-China Policy”. China has emerged as one of Liberia’s most dependable allies.
It is my hope that Chinese-Liberian relationships will grow stronger during my tenure as President.
The Samuel Kanyan Doe Sports Complex, built by the Chinese, where this Inaugural Ceremony is being held, is where I gained my exposure to the football world. It does not only stand as a monument of Chinese friendship toward Liberians, but It also stands as a symbol of peace and reconciliation for the Liberian people.
During our civil conflict, this was a venue that brought opposing factions together during national matches, effectively reconciling them to a single national purpose, Liberia.
And once again today, we stand at this same venue united for one purpose: Liberia. This is time that we put away our political differences to work together in forging a New Liberia, where the affordability of all goods and services will no longer be a luxury to the privileged, but rather a right for all Liberians.
To the AFRICAN UNION, I also say thank you for standing with Liberia over the past several years. Liberia has always had an historic relationship with the AU. As a founding member of the African Union, I look forward to participating with my colleagues at forthcoming summits, where we intend to utilize the resources and expertise of the African Union for the benefit of our country.
To other bi-lateral and multi-lateral partners, I say a sincere thank you! The World Bank, Sweden, the United Kingdom, Germany, Japan, Norway, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, to name too few, have also played important roles in Liberia’s emergence from conflict and will remain critical for the transformation we seek.
My greatest contribution to this country as President may not lie in the eloquence of my speeches, but will definitely lie in the quality of the decisions that I will make over the next six years to advance the lives of poor Liberians.
I intend to construct the greatest machinery of pro-poor governance in the history of this country. I will do more than my fair share to meet your expectations. I ask you to meet mine, for I cannot do it alone.
Mine is an expectation that you, fellow citizens, will rise up and take control and responsibility for your destiny. That you will look away from the things that divide us, and draw strength and energy from the things that unite us. Mine is an expectation that you will push yourselves to achieve the possibilities that are within your reach. That you will aim to do more for yourselves and expect other to do less.
And mine is a further expectation that you will discover a new sense of fairness and integrity; a new love for country and for each other. A love that will turn public servants and government officials into national champions for change. A love that will bring back home Liberians scattered far and wide across the globe – many of them highly skilled, talented, and experienced – to join us in building a New Liberia.
The sooner we all merge our energies toward cementing these new norms and values, the sooner we will transform our beloved country for the better. In doing so, we must also learn the virtue of patience, and learn to lower our expectations, for I do not promise you quick fixes or miracles.
Instead, my pledge to you today is that my administration, with your help, will make steady and deliberate progress towards achieving the hopes and aspirations that you cherish in your heart for Mama Liberia.
Let me close with these re-assuring words from our National Anthem:
“With God above, our rights to prove,
We will over all prevail!!
Long live Liberia, happy land!
A home of glorious liberty, by God’s command.”
May God Almighty bless the works of our hands, and save the State.

James Spriggs Payne (1819-1882)

4th President.
Dates in Office: 1868-1870. Party: Republican Party.
Age in Office: 49
Birth-Death: 1819-1882
Location Born: Richmond, Virginia
Office: Vice President
Religion: Methodist
Major Public Policy: to end the slave trade taking place along Liberia’s coast and enhance native-government relations. He increased exports to balance imports by modernizing the agricultural economy. The American Colonization Society (ACS) ceded colonies and relinquished control to Liberia.

Positive Impact: He ended the slave trade, stopped the Cape Palmas war including the Gallinas disturbances, sought to expand trade, and encouraged Denmark to recognize Liberia sovereignty and independence.

Negative Impact:  Prices of Liberia exports-coffee, rice, palm oil, sugarcane, and timber sagged. ACS curtailed its financial supports to the settlers thus worsening the country precarious financial situation.

James Spriggs Payne (1819-1882)

4th President.
Dates in Office: 1868-1870. Party: Republican Party.
Age in Office: 49
Birth-Death: 1819-1882
Location Born: Richmond, Virginia
Office: Vice President
Religion: Methodist
Major Public Policy: to end the slave trade taking place along Liberia’s coast and enhance native-government relations. He increased exports to balance imports by modernizing the agricultural economy. The American Colonization Society (ACS) ceded colonies and relinquished control to Liberia.

Positive Impact: He ended the slave trade, stopped the Cape Palmas war including the Gallinas disturbances, sought to expand trade, and encouraged Denmark to recognize Liberia sovereignty and independence.

Negative Impact:  Prices of Liberia exports-coffee, rice, palm oil, sugarcane, and timber sagged. ACS curtailed its financial supports to the settlers thus worsening the country precarious financial situation.

Liberia Lone Star Forever Lyrics

Lone Star Forever

Composed by Edwin J. Barclay


When Freedom raised her glowing form
On Montserrado’s verdant height,
She set within the dome of night,
‘Midst lowering skies and thunder-storm,
The star of Liberty!

And seizing from the waking morn
Its burnished shield of golden flame,
She lifted it in her proud name
And roused a nation long forlorn
To nobler destiny!


The Lone Star forever!
The Lone Star forever!
O long may it float o’er land and o’er sea!
Desert it no never!
Uphold it forever!
O shout for the lone-starred banner!
All hail!


Then speeding in her course along
The broad Atlantic’s golden strand,
She woke rever’brant through the land
A nation’s loud triumphant song,
The song of Liberty!


Then forward sons of Freedom, march!
Defend the sacred heritage!
The nation’s call from age to age
Where’er it sounds ‘neath heaven’s arch,
Wherever foes assail, 

be ever ready to obey
‘Gainst treason and rebellion’s front,
‘Gainst foul aggression. In the brunt
Of battle lay the hero’s way!
All hail, Lone Star! All hail!

I Pledge Text

“I pledge alliance to the Flag of Liberia And to the Republic for which it stands One Nation, indivisible, with Liberty and Justice for all!”

Liberia National Athem

National Anthem

All hail, Liberia, hail!


This glorious land of liberty

Shall long be ours.

Though new her name,

Green be her fame,

And mighty be her powers,


In joy and gladness

With our hearts united,

We’ll shout the freedom

Of a race benighted,

Long live Liberia, happy land!

A home of glorious liberty,

By God’s command!

(repeat last two sentences)


All hail, Liberia, hail!


In union strong success is sure

We cannot fail!

With God above

Our rights to prove

We will o’er all prevail,


With heart and hand

Our country’s cause defending

We’ll meet the foe

With valour unpretending.

Long live Liberia, happy land!

A home of glorious liberty,

By God’s command!

(repeat last two sentences)


Photo Gallery

Images of Liberia Leaders and key activists
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